How to Problem Solve
As we mentioned last week, sometimes it can be hard to tell the difference between worrying and problem solving. Today we’re going to explain the 6 steps to effective problem solving.
To explain this example, let’s pretend you’re worried because your gas and phone bill is due at the same time, and you don’t have enough money to cover both. It’s real problem, occurring in the here and now, which you can actually do something about. Therefore, we can actually use problem solving to deal with it.
Identify & Define the Problem
Be sure to state the problem as clearly as possible. Be objective, like a scientist looking at the situation from the outside. Note any behaviours, the situation, timing and circumstances that make it a problem, as opposed to subjective feelings.
“The gas and phone bills are due at the same time. I don’t have enough money to cover both this month.”
Generate Possible Solutions and Options
List out every possible solution you can think of. Try to be creative, and forget about the quality of the solutions. If you allow yourself to be creative, you may come up with some options that you would not otherwise have thought of.
- Ring both companies, and see if I can negotiate to pay it off gradually
- Prioritise -I can live without a phone for a while, but not the gas, so I’ll pay that first
- Borrow money from a family member or friend to pay both bills
- Pay bills on my credit card, then pay that off later
- See a financial counsellor, they may be able to help me sort it out
- Get a second job
- Don’t pay the bills and move in with a friend instead
Once you’ve listed all of the possibilities, eliminate the less desirable or unreasonable alternatives; but only do this after as many possible solutions have been listed. Then list the remaining options in order of preferences.
- Ring both companies and see if I can negotiate to pay it off gradually
- See a financial Counsellor
- Get a second job
Evaluate Your Alternatives
Evaluate the top 3 or 4 plans in terms of their advantages and disadvantages.
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Decide on a Plan
Decide on one, two or more plans. Specify who will take action, when the plan will be implemented and how the plan will be implemented.
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Implement your plan as specified above
Evaluate the Outcome
Evaluate how effective your plan was. Decide whether the existing plan needs to be revised or whether a new plan is needed to better address the problem. If you are not pleased with the outcome, return to step 2 to select a new option or revise the existing plan, and repeat the remaining steps.
Remember, this problem-solving strategy needs some practise, especially if you’re not used to using it. But it CAN help with difficult situations. Remember, problem solving is more productive than worrying, and it will reduce your anxiety and allow you to come away with a plan of action.
Nicole Paulie is a Counselling Psychologist, and co-author of “How to be Happy and Healthy – The seven natural elements of mental health.” She provides therapy in the Dublin city area. Contact us to learn more or to book an appointment.
This article was adapted from:
Saulsman, L., Nathan. P., Lim, L., Correia, H., Anderson, R. & Campbell, B. (2015). What? Me Worry!?! Mastering your worries. Perth, Western Australia: Centre for Clinical Interventions.